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Raynaud’s Disease

Raynaud’s disease is a medical condition wherein the blood vessels spams causing a blockage in the flow of blood to the nose, ears, fingers and toes upon exposure to cold temperatures or strong emotions. This condition is specifically called PrimaryRaynaud’s (or Raynaud’s disease), wherein there is no underlying disease that causes the condition. In contrast, […]

Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain refers to pain the lower abdomen, usually below the navel, but can pertain to pain in the pelvis or perineum. Pain is considered chronic when it lasts for less than six months. In contrast, pelvicpain is considered chronic when the pain persists for more than six months. Pain is described as mild, moderate […]

Recurrent Corneal Erosion

Recurrent corneal erosion is characterized by the recurrent breakdown of the outermost layer of the cornea called epithelium. In this condition of the eye, the epithelium is unable to tightly glue to its underlying membrane and making it susceptible to break off easily and without much effort or force. The 3 major causes of recurrent […]

Rectal and Anal Pain

Rectal and anal pain is a common complaint that will be experienced by almost everyone at least once during one point in their lives. The pain associated is usually minor and is not frequently associated as a symptom for a serious underlying medical condition. However, there are times when the pain can be excruciating due […]

Cold Sores: First Aid Treatment

Cold sores are small, fluid-filled blisters that develop on or around the lips. These are also called fever blisters. Often, these blisters appear in groups of patches. The blisters may break open after a few days leading to clear fluid leaking and resulting to a scab that would occur for a few days. Healing period […]

Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

Viral hemorrhagic fevers are a group of illnesses caused by several families of viruses (the arena virus, filoviruses, flaviviruses and bunyaviruses). These viruses cause a syndrome characterized by multi system involvement resulting in a damaged vascular system. Although most cases of hemorrhagic fevers are severe, some cases are less acute than others. The viruses as […]

Myocardial Infarction

Myocardial infarction (MI) is an area of the myocardium that is permanently destroyed. MI is normally a result of the reduction of blood flow to the coronary arteries due to rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque and ensuing  occlusion of the artery by a thrombus. An unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction are considered to be […]


Common Injuries, Safety for Riders & Rules of the Road Bicycle riders are increasing in number, with injuries from bicycle riding also increasing, thus it is necessary to learn safety tips and the rules of the road. Bicycle riding is a popular recreational sport enjoyed by persons of all ages. Bicycle riders are increasing in […]

An emergency approach on biologic weapons of terror

Although biologic weapons of terror including chemical and radiologic in nature are not everyday agents, these formidable weapons of mass destruction can is becoming an increasing reality wherein health care workers should be constantly prepared in the likelihood of a terror attack using weapons of terror. Biologic weapons are weapons that spread diseases among the […]