A gunshot wound is a severe and traumatic wound. A gunshot wound can be dangerous especially when it damages the vulnerable parts of the body where there is fast loss of blood such as the head and the neck.
The injuries can vary which depend on the size and speed of the bullet and the location. These injuries can be internal and external which is usually results to internal swelling, severe bleeding that can damage the vital organs.
- Check the severity of the wound and get rid of the bullet found on the surface of the wound. Avoid taking out any parts of the bullet which injured the inner tissue and layers of skin. Clean the reachable surface of the wounded area.
- Apply pressure to the affected area to lessen bleeding. Gunshot wound causes severe bleeding and can be fast depending on the area affected. Lessen the bleeding by bandaging the wound using any cloth and apply continuous gentle pressure into the area.
- Keep the body of the wounded person warm using a blanket.
- A gunshot wound on the legs can be a dangerous condition. If the bullet hits a tendon or other major muscles, it can result to serious damage or even disability. Apply pressure to a specific part around or near the wound to lessen bleeding.
- Elevate the wounded leg above the level of the heart to lessen the swelling and bleeding. Avoid elevating the area if a fracture is suspected.
- Cover the wound using bandages which will provide pressure to the area. Place the bandage on the affected area and secure with a tape to give adequate pressure to stop the bleeding. Avoid taping it too tight to prevent any disruption to the blood circulation in the area. Watch for changes in color of the skin, cold or there is a tingling sensation. If any of these occur, loosen up the bandage.
The material posted on this page for gunshot wounds is for learning purposes only. If you want to learn to properly handle injuries that can result to external and internal bleeding including a gunshot wound, register for a first aid course with a training provider near you.